Testing Connectors

Source Acceptance Tests

To ensure a minimum quality bar, Airbyte runs all connectors against the same set of integration tests (sources & destinations have two different test suites). Those tests ensure that each connector adheres to the Airbyte Specification and responds correctly to Airbyte commands when provided valid (or invalid) inputs.

Note: If you are looking for reference documentation for the deprecated first version of test suites, see Standard Tests (Legacy).

Architecture of standard tests

The Standard Test Suite runs its tests against the connector's Docker image. It takes as input the configuration file acceptance-tests-config.yml.

Standard test sequence diagram

The Standard Test Suite use pytest as a test runner and was built as pytest plugin source-acceptance-test. This plugin adds a new configuration option —acceptance-test-config - it should points to the folder with acceptance-tests-config.yml.

Each test suite has a timeout and will fail if the limit is exceeded.

See all the test cases, their description, and inputs in Source Acceptance Tests.

Setting up standard tests for your connector

Create acceptance-test-config.yml. In most cases, your connector already has this file in its root folder. Here is an example of the minimal acceptance-test-config.yml:

connector_image: airbyte/source-some-connector:dev
- spec_path: "some_folder/spec.json"

Build your connector image if needed.

docker build .

Run one of the two scripts in the root of the connector:

  • python -m pytest -p integration_tests.acceptance - to run tests inside virtual environment

  • ./acceptance-test-docker.sh - to run tests from a docker container

If the test fails you will see detail about the test and where to find its inputs and outputs to reproduce it. You can also debug failed tests by adding —pdb —last-failed:

python -m pytest -p integration_tests.acceptance --pdb --last-failed

See other useful pytest options here

Dynamically managing inputs & resources used in standard tests

Since the inputs to standard tests are often static, the file-based runner is sufficient for most connectors. However, in some cases, you may need to run pre or post hooks to dynamically create or destroy resources for use in standard tests. For example, if we need to spin up a Redshift cluster to use in the test then tear it down afterwards, we need the ability to run code before and after the tests, as well as customize the Redshift cluster URL we pass to the standard tests. If you have need for this use case, please reach out to us via Github or Slack. We currently support it for Java & Python, and other languages can be made available upon request.


Create pytest yield-fixture with your custom setup/teardown code and place it in integration_tests/acceptance.py, Example of fixture that starts a docker container before tests and stops before exit:

@pytest.fixture(scope="session", autouse=True)
def connector_setup():
""" This fixture is a placeholder for external resources that acceptance test might require.
client = docker.from_env()
container = client.containers.run("your/docker-image", detach=True)

Running Integration tests

The GitHub master and branch builds will build the core Airbyte infrastructure (scheduler, ui, etc) as well as the images for all connectors. Integration tests (tests that run a connector's image against an external resource) can be run one of three ways.

1. Local iteration

First, you can run the image locally. Connectors should have instructions in the connector's README on how to create or pull credentials necessary for the test. Also, during local development, there is usually a main entrypoint for Java integrations or main_dev.py for Python integrations that let you run your connector without containerization, which is fastest for iteration.

2. Requesting GitHub PR Integration Test Runs

This option is not available to PRs from forks, so it is effectively limited to Airbyte employees.

If you don't want to handle secrets, you're making a relatively minor change, or you want to ensure the connector's integration test will run remotely, you should request builds on GitHub. You can request an integration test run by creating a comment with a slash command.

Here are some example commands:

  1. /test connector=all - Runs integration tests for all connectors in a single GitHub workflow. Some of our integration tests interact with rate-limited resources, so please use this judiciously.

  2. /test connector=source-sendgrid - Runs integration tests for a single connector on the latest PR commit.

  3. /test connector=connectors/source-sendgrid - Runs integration tests for a single connector on the latest PR commit.

  4. /test connector=source-sendgrid ref=master - Runs integration tests for a single connector on a different branch.

  5. /test connector=source-sendgrid ref=d5c53102 - Runs integration tests for a single connector on a specific commit.

A command dispatcher GitHub workflow will launch on comment submission. This dispatcher will add an :eyes: reaction to the comment when it starts processing. If there is an error dispatching your request, an error will be appended to your comment. If it launches the test run successfully, a :rocket: reaction will appear on your comment.

Once the integration test workflow launches, it will append a link to the workflow at the end of the comment. A success or failure response will also be added upon workflow completion.

Integration tests can also be manually requested by clicking "Run workflow" and specifying the connector and GitHub ref.

3. Requesting GitHub PR publishing Docker Images

In order for users to reference the new versions of a connector, it needs to be published and available in the dockerhub with the latest tag updated.

As seen previously, GitHub workflow can be triggered by comment submission. Publishing docker images to the dockerhub repository can also be submitted likewise:

Note that integration tests can be triggered with a slightly different syntax for arguments. This second set is required to distinguish between connectors and bases folders. Thus, it is also easier to switch between the /test and /publish commands:

  • /test connector=connectors/source-sendgrid - Runs integration tests for a single connector on the latest PR commit.

  • /publish connector=connectors/source-sendgrid - Publish the docker image if it doesn't exist for a single connector on the latest PR commit.

4. Automatically Run From master

Commits to master attempt to launch integration tests. Two workflows launch for each commit: one is a launcher for integration tests, the other is the core build (the same as the default for PR and branch builds).

Since some of our connectors use rate-limited external resources, we don't want to overload from multiple commits to master. If a certain threshold of master integration tests are running, the integration test launcher passes but does not launch any tests. This can manually be re-run if necessary. The master build also runs every few hours automatically, and will launch the integration tests at that time.